Twentieth Century Developments in Fashion and Costume

The 20th century was a time of tremendous technological progress, social change and visual innovation, and witnessed major historical events that would change the world forever. This illustrated 12-volume series explores the relationship between social change and changes in costume throughout this eventful century.


ISBN 978-1-59084-417-5
10 volumes
12 & up
8.5 x 11 inches
by Carol Harris and Mike Brown

Hardcover ISBN 978-1-59084-419-9 $19.95 (USD) Add To Cart
The 20th century was a time of tremendous technological progress, social change, and visual innovation. As women entered the workforce, they found greater freedom, developed new habits, and indulged in designer luxuries, all of which determined the kinds of accessories they used. For example, once women started smoking and applying makeup in public, their purses needed to hold such essentials as lipsticks, powder compacts, and cigarette cases. Designers responded to these consumer needs in many creative ways. The design of accessories has even been influenced by contemporary archeological discoveries. In 1922, the opening of Tutankhamen's tomb sparked a trend for "Cleopatra"-style makeup, costume, and jewelry throughout the '20s and '30s. Accessories charts the development of fashion headgear, purses, smoking accessories, footwear, and jewelry through this eventful century.

Ceremonial Costumes
by Lewis Lyons

Hardcover ISBN 978-1-59084-424-3 $19.95 (USD) Add To Cart
Ceremonial clothing tells us something about the rank and status of the wearer. A king's robes of state are a visible symbol of his powers. Likewise, judges, university professors, and even elected leaders use dress to mark their status. In the 20th century, many of the world's monarchs lost their powers and became merely ceremonial heads of state. A modern monarch is likely to dress in regular clothing most of the time, but in donning robes of state for a coronation or royal wedding, he or she becomes a living symbol of the country's history. Formalwear, too, has become more "democratic." The dinner jacket, for example, was first worn by the Prince of Wales in the 1880s. It was then adopted by the upper classes, followed by Hollywood stars, and finally it spread throughout society. We cannot all live like kings, but we can dress like them, if only for a day, just by renting a tux. This book explains all the essential aspects of 20th-century ceremonial costume, from military uniforms for royal events, to special gowns for high school proms.

Children's Costumes
by Carol Harris and Mike Brown

Hardcover ISBN 978-1-59084-420-5 $19.95 (USD) Add To Cart
In the early 1900s, only children from reasonably wealthy families wore new clothes. Most wore hand-me-downs from relatives or neighbors. Store-bought clothes that reflected fashion trends were reserved for Sunday best, and these fashions closely followed those of the adult world. Due to a growing appreciation of physical exercise at the beginning of the century, children's clothes became much more casual and practical. At the end of World War II, the birth of the teenager and the explosion of youth culture shook the adult world. Marlon Brando's motorbike gang hit the movies, while Elvis Presley gyrated his hips. Then came moptops and hippies, followed by glam-rockers, punks, and grunge waifs. By the 1990s, a complete turn-around had taken place, and the casual sporty clothes of children and teenagers set the trend for the older generation. Children's Costumes chronicles the developments in children's fashion throughout the 20th century and looks at how they reflected changes in society's attitude towards youth and children.

Everyday Dress
by Chris McNab

Hardcover ISBN 978-1-59084-427-4 $19.95 (USD) Add To Cart
The 20th century saw a revolution in work. Beginning in a world dominated by heavy industry, local agriculture, and rail and horse transport, it ended with computer technology, high-tech farming, and global travel. This period also saw more innovation in work dress than any other century. Health and safety regulations transformed industry and manufacturing, bringing in new lines of protective clothing. As incomes rose and professional jobs multiplied starting in the 1950s, the business suit was worn by more of society. Fishermen and farmers benefited from new waterproof materials introduced in the 1980s, and the birth of civil aviation in the 1930s produced the need for stewardess and pilot uniforms. Everyday Dress explores these developments and many more, and tells the fascinating stories behind some of the clothing we now take for granted.

by Ellen Galford

Hardcover ISBN 978-1-59084-423-6 $19.95 (USD) Add To Cart
Throughout the ages, people of all cultures have had holidays and festivals that give them the chance to dress up in special costumes and disguises. The occasion may be anything from a Carnival procession involving thousands of exotically dressed marchers, a Christmas party with Dad in a Santa suit, or a ceremony marking a high point in the calendar for a particular community or religious group. Whatever the reason for the gathering, the different ways we dress and decorate ourselves for these festivals reveal a lot about the societies that celebrate them and the cultures from which they have emerged-from ancient hopes and fears to modern fads and fashions. Festivals explores the dramatic, delightful, and even terrifying ways in which people use costume to celebrate important dates and events.

Men's Costumes
by Carol Harris and Mike Brown

Hardcover ISBN 978-1-59084-422-9 $19.95 (USD) Add To Cart
At the start of the 20th century, men wore clothes, not fashions. Men who made a point of dressing well, like the British king Edward VII, were wealthy exceptions to the rule. Most men's clothing, usually custom-made by tailors, was practical and built to last. Today, menswear is a major part of the fashion industry. Men's Costumes looks at how men's clothing went from the local tailor to the catwalks of Paris, Milan, and New York, and the social factors that caused changes in style and attitude, from the anti-consumerist hippies of the Sixties to the Armani-suited power dressers of Wall Street in the Eighties. We also meet some of the trendsetters who have influenced fashion through their own personal style, including President Teddy Roosevelt and his Panama hat, designers such as Calvin Klein and Ralph Lauren, and Kurt Cobain and the rise of grunge style.

Military Uniforms
by carol harris and Mike Brown

Hardcover ISBN 978-1-59084-418-2 $19.95 (USD) Add To Cart
The 20th century saw warfare taken to new extremes in two conflicts so vast they are called "World Wars." They not only changed the way society felt about war, but also the ways in which combat took place. The explosion of technology and social change that marked the 20th century applied to warfare as much as any other area. Looking back over a century of progress, Military Uniforms examines these changes and how they affected the clothes of the armed services, from World War I cavalry regiments with their brightly colored uniforms covered in gold braid, to the ultracamouflaged, high-tech super-warriors of today, as well as women's growing role in the Army and their uniforms. It is fascinating to imagine what directions uniforms of the 21st century will take.

Religious Costumes
by Ellen Galford

Hardcover ISBN 978-1-59084-429-8 $19.95 (USD) Add To Cart
In almost every religion, there are certain rules of dress. Often, the garments worn during religious ceremonies are highly symbolic, and many of them have remained the same for hundreds of years-vivid examples of living history. Others continue to change, along with the religions themselves. Religious costumes are not only for rituals and ceremonies. Some religions have special clothes for worship, while others have costumes to be worn every day. Some religions express strong views about clothing that is appropriate for men and women. Even the choice of fabric for everyday clothing may be subject to particular restrictions. Religious Costumes looks at Christianity, Islam, Judaism, Hinduism, Sikhism, Buddhism, and Shintoism, and how religious costumes are used to perform sacred rituals and to express spiritual beliefs and moral values.

Rescue Services
by Mike Brown

Hardcover ISBN 978-1-59084-428-1 $19.95 (USD) Add To Cart
From time to time, we hear a news item about the daring rescue of people trapped or lost performed by a range of rescue services that include firefighters, ambulance personnel, civil defense workers, the Coast Guard, and mountain, cave, and forest rescue teams. Increasingly over the century, rescue workers have become teams of specialists whose clothes are designed for the particular jobs they do. From the brightly colored uniforms of the early volunteer fire brigades to modern-day firefighters in "hi-vis" coveralls and air packs, from the grizzled old mariners of the U.S. Life-Saving Service in their pea jackets and sou'westers, to wet-suited helicopter rescue swimmers who dive or are lowered into the sea, Rescue Services examines how uniforms and equipment have evolved over the course of the 20th century.

Women's Costumes
by Carol Harris and Mike Brown

Hardcover ISBN 978-1-59084-421-2 $19.95 (USD) Add To Cart
One hundred years ago, well-to-do women spent most of their time sitting down and being decorative. There was little alternative, bound up as they were with the padding and corsets necessary to create the hourglass and S-bend figures that were fashionable. But as fast new dances, such as the tango, became popular, women found the corset too restrictive, and its days as essential underwear were numbered. This was the beginning of a century in which women's lives changed dramatically. In addition, to the traditional jobs of homemaking and childrearing, they played active roles in wars, in industry, and in politics. Women's Costumes looks at how changing fashions reflected the changes in women's lives, from the miniskirt, unisex garments, and the "power suit," to the rise of the designer label.

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