The United States justice system was created when the Constitution was adopted in 1787. The Constitution replaced the Articles of Confederation, which gave most of the power to individual states. The Constitution created a strong federal government to bring the states together to work for the good of the nation while balancing their rights to independence and autonomy. Our government's three branches--executive, legislative, and judicial--were designed to check abuses and prevent anyone from gaining too much power and influence. The legislative branch creates the laws and the executive branch enforces them. Laws are put into practice by the justice system including the FBI, state justice systems, law enforcement bodies, and the trial system. This book explores the origins and evolution of the greatest democracy's system of justice. Each title in this series contains a foreword from the Chairman of the National Law Enforcement Association, color photos throughout, charts, and back matter including: an index, chronology, and further reading lists for books and internet resources. Key Icons appear throughout the books in this series in an effort to encourage library readers to build knowledge, gain awareness, explore possibilities and expand their viewpoints through our content rich non-fiction books. Key Icons in this series are as follows: Words to Understand are shown at the front of each chapter with definitions. These words are set in boldfaced type in that chapter, so that readers are able to reference back to the definitions--building their vocabulary and enhancing their reading comprehension. Sidebars are highlighted graphics with content rich material within that allows readers to build knowledge and broaden their perspectives by weaving together additional information to provide realistic and holistic perspectives. Text-Dependent Questions are placed at the end of each chapter. They challenge the reader's comprehension of the chapter they have just read, while sending the reader back to the text for more careful attention to the evidence presented there. Research Projects are provided at the end of each chapter as well and provide readers with suggestions for projects that encourage deeper research and analysis. And a Series Glossary of Key Terms is included in the back matter containing terminology used throughout the series. Words found here broaden the reader's knowledge and understanding of terms used in this field."
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