A refugee is a person who has fled his or her country to escape war or persecution. The 1951 United Nations Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees says that such a person is entitled to protection, so long as they can prove that they truly meet the "refugee" definition. Another country's government can grant refugees permission to live in their country. The world is currently experiencing a refugee crisis. Conflict and persecution have forced more people than at any other time since records began to flee their homes and seek refuge and safety elsewhere, according to the UN High Commissioner for Refugees. There were roughly 60 million refugees worldwide in 2016, and that figure was expected to rise further due to conflicts in Syria, Iraq, Afghanistan, Libya, and other places. This book provides historical information on the refugee crisis and how countries like the United States and Canada deal with refugees. Titles in this series contain color photos throughout, maps, graphs and illustrations, and back matter including: biographical information of famous people, a detailed index and further reading lists for books and internet resources. Key Icons appear throughout the books in this series in an effort to encourage library readers to build knowledge, gain awareness, explore possibilities and expand their viewpoints through our content rich non-fiction books. Key Icons in this series are as follows: Words to Understand are shown at the front of each chapter with definitions. These words are set in boldfaced type in that chapter, so that readers are able to reference back to the definitions--building their vocabulary and enhancing their reading comprehension. Sidebars are highlighted graphics with content rich material within that allows readers to build knowledge and broaden their perspectives by weaving together additional information to provide realistic and holistic perspectives. Text Dependent Questions are placed at the end of each chapter. They challenge the reader's comprehension of the chapter they have just read, while sending the reader back to the text for more careful attention to the evidence presented there. Research Projects are provided at the end of each chapter as well and provide readers with suggestions for projects that encourage deeper research and analysis. And a Series Glossary of Key Terms is included in the back matter containing terminology used throughout the series. Words found here broaden the reader's knowledge and understanding of terms used in this field."
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